Sparkling Wine – How is made?

Geography

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Romania produces about 10 millions bottles of sparkling wine.

Types of sparkling wine:

Charmat Method

 

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Champenois Method (traditional method)

 

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In Romania only about 7% from the total sparkling wine production is made in traditional method.

Classification:

Sugars

Brut Nature/Pas dosè: < 3 g/l

Extra Brut: < 6 g/l

Brut: < 12 g/l

 

    • Extra Dry: 12-17 g/l
    • Dry: 17-32 g/l
    • Demi-sec: 32-50 g/l
    • Sweet: > 50g/l

 

Pressure

 

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  • Pressure > 3 atm: Germany Sekt, French Champagne and Cremant, Spanish Espumoso, Italian Spumante
  • Pressure 1-2,5 atm: German spritzig, Italian frizzante, French pètillant

 

 

Petro Vaselo Sparkling Wines

 

Bendis Nadir 2017

  • Charmat Method
  • Second fermentation in autoclave for approximately 60 days. 
  • Varieties: Pinot Noir/ Chardonnay 
  • Alcohol: 12% 
  • Acidity: 6.38 g/l 
  • Sugar: 9.52 g/l
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Bendis Rose 2017

  • Charmat Method
  • Second fermentation in autoclave for approximately 60 days. 
  • Varieties: Pinot Noir
  • Alcohol: 12% 
  • Acidity: 5.63 g/l 
  • Sugar: 9.18 g/l
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Kotys 2013

  • Champenois Method
  • Period of refermantation and aging in bottles of 60 months
  • Varieties: Pinot Noir
  • Alcohol: 12% 
  • Acidity: 6.08 g/l 
  • Sugar: < 1 g/l
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Although sparkling wine was born by mistake and was considered a bad wine because the bubbles caused bottles to explode until British glassworkers designed the now ubiquitous champagne bottle.

Before the ubiquitous champagne bottle, the in-bottle reformation was an enormous problem for winemakers. When the weather cooled off in the autumn, fermentation would sometimes stop before all the fermentable sugars had been converted to alcohol. If the wine was bottled in this state, it became a literal time bomb. When the weather warmed in the spring, dormant yeast roused themselves and began generating carbon dioxide that would at best push the cork out of the bottle, and at worst explode.

 

Nowadays, sparkling wines became a lifestyle, a symbol of luxury and good taste witch makes us believe in evolution.